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Project overview
  • Lead Organisation

    Climate-KIC Australia


    Blacktown, New South Wales

    ARENA Program

    Advancing Renewables Program

  • Start Date

    November 2018



  • Project Partners
    Presync, Frasers, New South Wales Office of Environment and Heritage, University of Technology Sydney, Curtin University, Wattwatchers Pty Ltd, Green Building Council of Australia


The Residential Heat Pump Study is a three-year study on the commercial-scale demonstration of renewable (thermal energy) ground source heat pumps (GSHPs). Based in the Fairwater master-planned residential community in Western Sydney, the project seeks to establish the business case for industry-wide adoption of using GSHPs to provide residential heating and cooling in greenfield developments.

How the project works

The Residential Heat Pump Study by Climate-KIC recognises that heating and cooling forms the largest component of energy consumption in the average Australian home. Unfortunately, many developers and builders are incentivised to build a property that is as large as possible for the least cost with minimal consideration of operational efficiency or cost of living. Therefore, purchasers end up with homes that are expensive to run and dependent on energy-intensive heating and cooling systems to maintain a comfortable home environment. As land and energy costs increase, the impact of these inefficient systems become more apparent.

Area of innovation

Geothermal ground source heat pump systems are being installed for each unit in the entire greenfield residential development. This heating and cooling technology will be coupled with real time energy consumption monitoring and, in some instances, residential rooftop solar and eventually batteries.


This Residential Heat Pump Study will collect real-time household energy consumption data to determine whether building energy efficient homes with advanced technology involves a substantial increase in price, while offering the occupants a more comfortable and less expensive place to call home.

The energy and carbon efficiency of the ground source heat pumps will also be tested. The network impact will be examined to quantify the effect on peak demand and overall electricity demand on local distribution infrastructure.

Last updated
14 July 2021
Last updated 14 July 2021


Geothermal heat pumps offer a cool change at western Sydney estate

An old technology is proving its potential at a new Sydney housing estate.

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