Solar Insights

Connection is an under-appreciated component of the complex task of creating big new solar plants for Australia’s electricity system.


Factors like access to network infrastructure, the amount of new generation that piece of grid can take and the lengths of nearby lines are big parts of site selection. These costs can add up, or they can be minimised through clever thinking – it differs by site.

ARENA’s large-scale solar funding round revealed projected connection costs are noticeably lower than for existing large-scale solar projects. Our collection of data on projects that precede the funding round – generally, larger and older – show a range between approximately 12 to 27 cents of connection costs for every watt of capacity.

The twenty competitive round applicants show an average of 7 cents per watt, with more projects in the lower or zero connection costs band. This illustrates a fluid environment for companies looking to plug their big solar into the network, and it opens a fascinating question – why are the costs lower for ARENA’s large-scale solar funding round?

Many winners of ARENA’s LSS round include solar plants co-located with existing power stations, such as wind farms, which would reduce connection costs. The ARENA-funded study into co-location of wind and solar plants found that:

Major savings can be obtained in the grid connection infrastructure and installation, operation and maintenance and development costs (including land costs, development approvals and studies).

These savings are estimated at 3 to 13% for [capital costs] and 3 to 16% for [operational costs].

There’s little doubt these effects have been borne out in the cream-of-the-crop projects that featured in ARENA’s large-scale solar funding round.

Another potential explanation is relatively simple – our call for applications encouraged aggressive competition among the bidders (it wasn’t called a competitive round by accident). This well-designed process lead to bidders choosing sites for their cost-effectiveness, and the connection data ARENA has gathered almost certainly reflects this.


by Ketan Joshi, Chris Twomey and Olivia Boyd


Ketan is ARENA’s Knowledge Sharing Champion within the Strategic communications team, with six years’ experience in data analysis and communications in the renewable energy industry.

Chris is a member of the ARENA Business Development and Transaction team who has been at ARENA for over two years, focusing on large-scale solar, pumped hydro and off-grid projects. Prior to joining ARENA, Chris spent five years working for Deloitte and PwC on a wide range of transactions across Australia and Europe.

Olivia works in ARENA’s Strategy and Knowledge Sharing team, coordinating ARENA’s approach to sharing knowledge from ARENA-funded projects and solar R&D. Through her work at ARENA, as a consultant, and as an energy analyst, Olivia has worked across off-grid renewable energy, large scale solar, electricity market policy and oil and gas in Australia and Asia.

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