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What does off grid mean?

Electricity users or systems that are not connected to the main electricity grid are described as ‘off grid’. They are usually located in regional or remote areas.

Electricity is expensive in these areas, partly because of the high cost of fuel for local power generators, which is usually diesel or natural gas. Power costs are also high because the fuel has to be transported by truck or ship to the location, and a fuel reserve must be stored on site in case electricity use is higher than expected or the area is cut off by the weather.

By generating renewable energy instead at these regional and remote locations, isolated communities and industries can lower their energy costs, have a more secure and reliable supply of electricity, and reduce carbon emissions by using less diesel or natural gas.

There are several renewable energy technologies that can help off grid energy users including solar, wind and ocean, either on their own or combined with battery storage and other smart energy applications. One of ARENA’s first off grid projects established a renewable energy network on King Island, which is located in the Bass Strait near Tasmania. King Island used to rely exclusively on diesel to generate power but now has a world-leading power system that consists of solar, wind, diesel, storage and enabling technologies such as demand management and sophisticated controls.


How many of Australia’s energy users are off grid?

Only two per cent of Australia’s population live in off grid locations, however more than six per cent of Australia’s electricity use occurs in these regional and remote areas.

Demand for off grid energy has increased in recent years due to growth in the remote mining sector. Trends over recent years indicate an increasing interest in renewable energy generation in order to increase electricity supply, improve reliability, and reduce the costs of electricity for regional communities and industry.


ARENA action

ARENA’s purpose is to accelerate Australia’s shift to affordable and reliable renewable energy. By connecting investment, knowledge and people to deliver energy innovation, we are helping to build the foundation of a renewable energy ecosystem in Australia.

We have long-recognised the potential for renewable energy to supply affordable and reliable electricity to off grid energy users, and have been supporting projects that could deliver on that potential since 2013. Those projects aim to overcome the challenges associated with integrating renewables into off grid locations, which include unclear costs, higher up-front costs which favour longer projects, and the operational challenges of incorporating new technology, particularly in remote areas.

ARENA-supported projects have already developed a portfolio of renewable energy solutions for industries operating in regional and remote Australia, focusing on hybrid and integrated systems in off grid and fringe-of-grid locations. In 2014 our groundbreaking solar project at the off grid DeGrussa copper mine showed the Australian resources sector the cost-reducing benefits of using renewables in remote operations.

Our off grid projects for remote communities, such as that on King Island, are demonstrating the viability and reliability of renewable energy systems used in mini-grids for small communities and islands.

> Explore the off grid energy projects supported by ARENA

Knowledge sharing

ARENA shares knowledge, insights and data from our funded projects to help the renewable energy industry and other projects learn from each other’s experiences. Our projects capture high-quality quantitative and qualitative data and information, linked with the needs of the market, while respecting our recipients’ commercial and contractual rights.

Reports from our off grid projects can be found in the ARENA Knowledge Bank.

Last updated 19 July 2019
Last updated
19 July 2019

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